Executive functions?

  • Executive functioning has been described as being the air traffic controller of the brain
  • Located in the frontal lobe of the brain
  • It is the mental process we use to guide us and to make decisions
  • Executive functions are developmental in nature, developing at different chronological ages in each individual and reaching maturity between ages 25-30

Researchers and clinicians use different terminology to describe executive functions

Russell Barkley, Ph.D

  • Inhibit your behavior
  • Use visual imagery
  • Talk to yourself
  • Control your emotions
  • Plan and problem solve

Peg Dawson and Richard Guare

  • Response Inhibition
  • Emotional Control
  • Working Memory
  • Task Initiation
  • Sustained Attention
  • Planning and Prioritization
  • Organization
  • Time Management
  • Flexibility

Thomas Brown, Ph.D

  • Activation
  • Focus
  • Effort
  • Emotion
  • Memory
  • Action


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